MCL anti-cancer: What are the principles to be taught in patients with cancer?
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A patient with a tumor refers to a tumor after the radical resection, other parts of the metastasis can not be surgically removed, or when the tumor lesion is detected, there is distant metastasis and can not be surgically removed, through chemotherapy, radiotherapy, biology Patients with comprehensive treatment such as treatment and palliative care.
There are often radiographically visible tumors in this part of the patient. Therefore, the metabolism of the body is specific. Unlike patients whose tumors have been cured, the mode of diet required is also Different.
The diet of patients with cancer should pay attention to the following three principles:
To achieve and maintain ideal body weight
Patient cancer patients maintain weight during treatment and rehabilitation Stable, and maintain the ideal weight, is beneficial to its prognosis. The main method is reasonable diet and exercise.
High protein, sufficient fruit and vegetable diet
It is recommended that patients at this stage increase the protein content of the diet and consume more high-quality protein to alleviate the protein caused by the tumor. Decomposition and protein synthesis are reduced. Ingest vegetables, fruits and other plant foods in sufficient quantities to ensure adequate intake of vitamins and minerals. Since tumor cells have a strong ability to take up glucose and are mainly metabolized by glycolysis, it is recommended to limit the intake of sugars, especially refined sugars.
Prompt medical nutrition therapy
Patients with malignant tumors during the treatment and rehabilitation period, if they are still unable to meet the target intake after dietary guidance, it is recommended to use enteral and parenteral nutrition in a timely manner. treatment.
Author: Cong Ming Hua