“Infant and Child Health Management” No. 11: Nursing points of neonatal pneumonia
Neonatal pneumonia is A respiratory infection that is very common in the neonatal period is generally not easy to detect because there are no obvious symptoms of adult pneumonia. The performance of neonatal pneumonia is different from the symptoms of pneumonia in infants or children, especially newborns born within two weeks, mainly manifested as symptoms of mental dysfunction, rapid breathing, lack of milk, easy to spit milk or sucking milk. At the same time, most newborns do not have fever, and some have low fever, but newborns close to the full moon can have symptoms of coughing.
Neonatal pneumonia can easily cause respiratory failure, heart failure, sepsis and even death. The harm is quite serious. However, if the newborn is sick, parents should not be too flustered, because as long as they go to the hospital in time to get reasonable treatment and care, the cure rate of neonatal pneumonia is still relatively high. So, how should neonatal pneumonia be properly treated?
First: pay attention to ventilation
The room of the newborn should keep the indoor air flowing, and all seasons should be ventilated. However, be careful not to let the newborn be in a convective wind.
In addition, the room should maintain a certain temperature and humidity, such as room temperature should be maintained at 18-20 ° C, humidity should be maintained at 50% -60%.
Second: Correct breastfeeding
Parents or other relatives should wash their hands when nursing newborns, especially when feeding newborns. Don’t use a bottle to feed, but use a small spoon to feed. At the same time of feeding, you should also pay attention to the newborn to add water and heat, you can give the newborn appropriate water, the right amount of glucose solution.
Third: Keep your breathing open.
Newborn clothes, quilts, etc. should be loose and gentle so as not to affect your breathing. Parents should promptly remove neonatal nasal discharge and nasal secretions to ensure the newborn’s respiratory tract is smooth. At the same time, you can often turn over the newborn, change the sleeping posture of the newborn, or gently tap the back to help the newborn to drain.
Fourth: Avoid cold infections
Because the neonatal resistance is very poor, if a family member has a cold, you should try to avoid contact with the newborn to avoid the bacteria from The respiratory tract is introduced into the newborn. If a new mother catches a cold, she should wear a mask when taking care of the newborn.
Fifth: Close observation
Parents should closely observe changes in body temperature, mental state, and breathing conditions of newborns. Once a newborn has signs of becoming heavier, be sure to seek medical advice promptly. .
Source: A good partner around you – Straits famous doctor network
Next Tuesday’s “early” health “Infant Health Management” column – “12th issue: Prevention and treatment of neonatal sepsis“, you are welcome to listen.
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