“Balcony micro-garden garden” masters this technique and can grow vegetables in winter!
A lot of small partners have asked: promoting and not germination sowing, does it affect the growth of vegetables?
Overall, the germination rate, growth rate of the seed after germination is relatively better than that of the seed without germination.
Rivation and non-germination A comparison of the growth of spinach grown at the same time. Please look down:
White container: soaking seeds and germination
The principle of soaking and germination
The seed will enter a dormant period after maturity, and it will pass through certain temperature and humidity conditions. Stimulation, the seeds will end dormancy and then begin to germinate and root.
is to allow the seeds to absorb water faster and reach the water content that can germinate normally. At the same time, the oxygen dissolved in the water enters the cell with the water, the enzyme in the seed is also activated, the respiration of the seed is enhanced, and then the dormancy is ended.
is to ensure that the seeds in the seed under the appropriate temperature and humidity, the nutrients in the seeds are rapidly decomposed and operated, and the young embryos are grown and then germinated.
Which seeds need to be germinated?
One is that the seed shell is hard and thick, and the seeds are difficult to absorb water, such as pumpkin, melon, watermelon, etc.;
Second is a seed that is not very easy to sprout, such as pepper, eggplant, parsley, sage, etc.
The temperature required for most seed germinations is above 15 degrees, so it is generally required in winter and spring, otherwise it is difficult to germinate. The best germination temperature for most seeds is 20 degrees – 30 degrees, in the natural environment, spring and winter generally do not have this temperature, seeds are more difficult to germinate after sowing, most will rot in the soil, and some will not sprout until the temperature rises.
So, some People think that it is difficult to raise seedlings. In fact, there is no suitable temperature. As long as there is suitable temperature and water, normal seeds will sprout, unless the seeds fail or dormant.
1. Soaking seeds
Immerse the seeds in clean water. The temperature of the water varies according to the seed. The different water absorption times of different seeds are different, so the time of soaking will be different.
Small seeds, you can use a relatively soft towel to soak the seeds when soaking them. After soaking them, take them out and squeeze them out to continue the germination.
It is usually soaked in warm water of about 30 °C (some will just start soaking in hot water of about 55 °C for 10-20 minutes, then turn to warm water) Soaking), warm water soaking time is usually in a day or night (about 8-10 hours).
The germination after soaking seeds also has different methods. The small vegetables share a simple and commonly used method.
1. The soaked seeds are controlled to remove water and placed in the paved gauze. Or a paper towel in the tray, then spray it with water.
2, can be covered or put on with a transparent tool.
3. Place the tray in a warm place (do not expose it to direct sunlight). Pay attention to daily observation and water spray to keep the seeds moist without water.
4. When most of the seeds are white, they can be sown. When they are exposed, they will be moved into the soil. Because they are still growing in wet gauze or paper towels after they are exposed, the seeds are easily rotted.
1. It is recommended to use kitchen paper (a special kitchen paper sold by Taobao) for paper towels used in germination. It is larger than ordinary paper towels, thicker and more absorbent;
2. It is recommended to use a transparent or sealed tool for germination to observe the germination of the seeds inside.
3. Seeds at the time of germination basically need to be soaked. Rinse well after good water, otherwise any germination method will easily cause mildew in the seeds.
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