Authoritative response from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs How the impact of Shouguang vegetable disaster on national vegetable prices

CCTV News: Recently, the wholesale price of vegetables in the country has continued to rise. According to the monitoring of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the average price of 28 vegetable wholesales nationwide has increased from week to week since August. The fourth week of August was 4.19 yuan per kilogram, up 11.7% from the first week of August. During the period, Weifang, known as the “vegetable basket” of the country, suffered from a rare storm and flood disaster in history. As the national vegetable distribution center and price formation center, Shouguang became one of the most severely affected areas. Is the disaster caused by Shouguang vegetable production the main cause of the increase in vegetable prices nationwide? Will vegetable prices continue to rise in the later period? Tang Wei, Director of the Department of Market and Information Technology of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, explained this.

Tang Wei said that the recent two cases of vegetable market in the country have caused widespread concern in the society. The first is that the national vegetable price has risen continuously, and the increase is more obvious. The second is that Shandong Weifang suffered two typhoons. In particular, Shouguang vegetable production is seriously damaged. Many people are worried that the disaster of Shouguang vegetables will affect the supply of “vegetable baskets” in the country and continue to push up the national vegetable prices. In this regard, the organization and strength of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs conducted a special follow-up analysis. In general, the recent increase in vegetable prices is generally a normal seasonal fluctuation. The impact of Shouguang vegetable disaster on the supply of vegetable market in the country is limited, and will not significantly increase the national vegetable price. It is expected that the national vegetable price will stabilize and fall later.

 The authority of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs responded to the impact of Shouguang vegetable disaster on the national vegetable price.

One is the recent The increase in vegetable prices is generally consistent with the pattern of seasonal fluctuations throughout the year. Affected by natural factors such as climate, the seasonal fluctuation of vegetable prices in China is obvious. Judging from the historical price data for many years, winter and spring are often the high point of the whole year’s vegetable price. After the weather gets warmer and the market for open vegetables increases, the price continues to fall to the low point of the year. During the summer, the country enters a wide range of hot and rainy weather. The price will rebound and will fall back in September and October. Judging from the operation of the vegetable market this year, it is basically in line with this law. In July, the vegetable price began to rebound seasonally, and it maintained a rising trend in August. According to the National Agricultural Products Wholesale Price Information System of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the average price of 28 kinds of vegetables in the national wholesale market on August 20-26 was 4.19 yuan per kilogram, up 8.0% from the previous month, and the increase was 5.4 percentage points higher than the previous week, up 10.8 year-on-year. %. Compared with the average level of the past five years, the average price of the week is 9.1% higher. The reason for the large rebound was mainly due to the continuous high temperature and rainy weather in many places in the previous period. Some major producing areas suffered from floods and geological disasters, which had a greater impact on vegetable growth, picking and transportation than in previous years.

 The authority of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs responded to the impact of Shouguang vegetable disaster on the national vegetable price.

The second is Shouguang The impact of vegetable disasters on the supply of vegetable market in the country is limited, and will not significantly increase the national vegetable price. The recent two typhoons have caused great losses to farmers in Weifang, especially in Shouguang area. Now governments at all levels are helping farmers to reduce disasters and save themselves. From the perspective of the impact on the national vegetable market, it should be said that it is more limited. According to the schedule, summer is the off-season of the production and marketing of Weifang melons and vegetables. A large number of vegetable farmers are suffocating at high temperatures, planting less vegetables, less varieties of vegetables, and less production, which does not affect the overall vegetable supply in the country. For example, the vegetable market in Beijing was mainly supplied by Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning and other regions with lower temperatures from July to September. Shandong mainly consisted of onion and ginger, and Weifang vegetables accounted for about 6% of Beijing’s total supply. Weifang vegetables were affected by Beijing. The price of vegetables has little effect, and the supply of vegetables in Beijing is relatively stable.

 The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Authorities responded to the impact of Shouguang vegetable disaster on the national vegetable price.

The third is expected In the later period, the national vegetable prices will stabilize and fall back. Under normal years, in most areas of the country in September and October, vegetables are more suitable for growth, market supply is restored, and vegetable prices have risen and fallen. As the vegetable planting area has decreased this year compared with the previous year, the price decline may be smaller, but the market supply is guaranteed. It is expected that the seasonal fluctuation of vegetable prices will not change significantly. According to the monitoring of vegetable production information network of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Agriculture, at the end of July, 580 vegetable key county information monitoring sites in the field of vegetables were 1.09 million mu, down 4.5% year-on-year. It is worth noting that Shouguang’s local vegetable supply is mainly in the national market. Eggplant and pepper are the main greenhouse vegetables affected by this disaster. Most of the disasters are in the sowing, seedling or growing season, and the impact on the market will be 9 It will appear in late October and early October. At that time, these varieties may have a certain price increase. However, under the pattern of large vegetable circulation, it is expected that the overall vegetable price in the country will not be significantly affected.

Source CCTV reporter Liu Dengliang